Situated on the Summit of an isolated Hill (475 m above sea level), on the slopes of monti Ernici and Prenestini, a dominant position on the high Valley of the Lot, lies the medieval town of Palianosurrounded by a verdant hilly landscape, crossed by several streams, tributaries of the river Lot (the ancient Tolerius), and covered by oak forests, olive groves and vineyards. The name is a personal name prediale, from Latin Paulluswith adjectival suffix -anus, a landed property.
Its territory, nestled between historic and Ciociaria Roman countryside, has been populated since ancient times, but the current town originated in the early Middle Ages by the phenomenon of encastellation, a historical and social process developed in Latium between the 10th and 11th century. Entered soon became part of the possessions of the Church of Rome, during the 15TH century it became a fief of the Colonna, sharing the fate of this noble family, which for a long period was in conflict with the papacy.
A great traveler in the past, the German historian Ferdinand Gregorovius, described with great enthusiasm this stretch of the Roman countryside, staying there for a long time.
Paliano is still today surrounded by walls, with three doors to the city with ramparts and positioned at Green. Inside the walls, stand out, between a complex network of streets, squares, alleys and narrow streets, the Collegiate Church of s. Andrea Apostolo (16th-17th century), Palazzo Ducale or Colonna (17th century), several historic buildings, features medieval buildings (13th c.) with the walls in "tufelli" at "" and sandstone column (16th c.), majestic defensive complex which dominates the Hill "from which you can enjoy a wonderful view " that still fills the minds of travelers with vivid images of beauty.